What is Hindustani classical music? Everything you need to know!

What is Hindustani classical music? Everything you need to know!

“Music produces a kind of pleasure which human nature cannot do without” – Confucius.

Hindustani Classical Music which is also occasionally called North Indian Classical Music or Hindustani Shastriya Sangeet is the classical music of the northern region of the Indian subcontinent. It originated from the 12th century CE after it parted from Carnatic music, The classical music of the southern region of the Indian subcontinent. Hindustani music highlights improvisation and exploration of all aspects of a raga, the origin of Indian classical music was discovered in the Vedic literature of Hinduism. An abundant tradition of Indian classical music is originated in South Asia which now can be found in all corners of the world. As Muslim forces swept across the Indian subcontinent, traditional style met with Persian during medieval time hence Hindustani style was born.

Many people love Hindustani classical music for its meditative, mesmerizing, and inspiring nature as it provides a sense of peace and joy. Indian classical music has spiritual roots you don’t need to be religious to appreciate it. The main vocal forms of Hindustani music are Dhrupad, Khyal, Tarana, Thumri, Dadra, and Ghazals. Hindustani music gives importance on the moral construction of songs, full swars are considered to be completed after which distorted swars are introduced, The Thaat of pure swars is known as ‘Tilawal’. There is no ratio in Hindustani music while changing the ragas. Tabla, Sitar, Santoor, and Sarangi are the musical instruments of Hindustani music, But more importance is given to vocal music than instruments.

The primary vocal forms related  to Hindustani Classical Music:

  • Dhrupad: Dhrupad music is principally devotional in theme, it is an old style of singing commonly performed by male singers. It is often sung in brajbasha a medieval form of North and East Indian language, In dhrupad an ancient string instrument Rudra Veena is used. Lighter form dhrupad called as dhamar is sung during Holi, the spring festival.
  • Tappa: It is originated from the folk songs of camel riders of Punjab, Tappa is a form of Indian semi-classical vocal music. It is developed as classical music by Mian Ghulam Nabi Shori, Tappa’s sung by  Nidhu Babu were very popular in 18th  and 19th century Bengal.
  • Thumri: Thumri is a semi-classical vocal form begun in Uttar Pradesh, the lyrics are typically in a proto-Hindi language which is called Brij Basha, and are generally romantic.
  • Ghazal: It is the most common form of poetry in the Urdu language, it’s multiple variation vocal music popular across Asia and the Middle East as well as several other countries. It is popularized by classical poets like Taqi Mir, Ghalib, Sauda, etc.

Learning Hindustani Classical Music needs a lot of practice and patience, The practice of music enhances your presence of mind, and also it makes you feel peaceful as it normalizes the abnormal blood flow. Many people are curious to know how to get trained in Hindustani Classical music sitting at home, but because of the advanced modern technology one can get vocal training from the top educators or top Gurus who have decades of experience in teaching sangeet. Online vocal training allows you to learn at your own pace without any hassle or transportation, classes are provided through live online meetings all you need to have is either your mobile or laptop along with an internet connection. You will learn Hindustani music starting from basics such as the notes, the ragas, the talas along with note stability, breath control, and Advance overall tonal quality.

The duration of the training is completely depending on you based on your pace of learning and interest you can opt for the duration of your class. There are courses which get completed in 24 weeks and also there are courses which go on for years, the important thing that you need to learn in these classes is the basic riyaz a vocal exercise which you have to perform every day. At the end of the classes, you will be proficient in the meaning and pertinence of melody, rhythm, and lyrics. Learning Hindustani music reduces the stress level, teaches the art of persistence, broadens the communication skill as it will improve your listening, and also helps to handle trauma. Learning Hindustani classical music through your observation, listening, and memory connecting with an experienced teacher is considered as the most effective way to learn.

Leave a Reply